Monitoring Evaluation and Learning Skills

Believe in your Skills but Never Stop Improving. Learn, Restore, Use, Earn & Exchange

M&E stands for Monitoring & Evaluation, is now something inevitable for Govt. or international organizations. Moreover, Monitoring Evaluation and Learning or MEL added an extra dimension to this process. 

 Organizations often seek better outcomes with limited resource allocation; M&E is such constructive engagement that aims to observe and analyze whether the project is going accurately?

Moreover, findings produced in M&E are considered as Learning. So that enables other stockholders to get info and decide what to do?

So, believe in monitoring evaluation and learning skills but never stop Improving. Learn, restore, use, earn & exchange knowledge. 

We are talking about fundamental skills of Monitoring, evaluation, and the learning process. Hopefully, we will enjoy it. So, let us start to keep an eye on M&E and Learning.

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What is Monitoring Definition?

Monitoring of a program or intervention involves gathering daily knowledge. Watching is consistently picking and analyzing Learning and knowledge in any activity’s progress. It is the regular superintendence and recording of activities in a project or program (daily, weekly, monthly, and quarterly, annually). 

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It is conjointly giving feedback and early hints regarding the advance of the project. Its purpose is to allow the grantors, implementers, and beneficiaries of the project. Watching is victimization to trace changes in the program out flip and performance over time.

News permits forming choices concerning the utility of programs and, therefore, the effective use of resources. The gathered data is victimization in creating alternatives for rising project performance.

What is Compliance Monitoring Definition?

Compliance monitoring is one of the critical elements. It is the Agency used to defend human health and the environment by assuring that the systematic community. The Agency also provides compliance assistance to the regulated community to help them understand their requirements. 

This community obeys environmental laws/regulations through on-site visits by eligible inspectors and reviewing the information. Compliance monitoring also mentions the quality assurance tests organizations. 

It is to check how well their business operations meet their regulatory and internal process liability. 

A sacrificed compliance group will be responsible for this tracking of compliance and Monitoring of day-to-day activities. It happens with internal audits providing extra checks and firmness, particularly in larger or more complex existence.

Social Media Monitoring Definition

At present, most e-commerce platforms use social media to involve current and expected customers. These networks help to do business. It helps to communicate with customers in real-time.

Social media monitoring is the use of tools to listen to millions of conversations on the web. Social media monitoring is the process of recognizing and determining any brand or product. It tells about a brand, issues, people, or product through different social and online channels.

Social media monitoring is not just about the social network. It is the entire web. Social media monitoring includes forums, blogs, news sites, communities, and anywhere that conversations take place on the web.

What are The Types of Monitoring?

Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) are classified into different types based on the appreciation’s purpose, focus, timing, and audience. Here we have discussed seven types of Monitoring to get started.

Seven types of monitoring to get started

#1 Process Monitoring

Process monitoring is often referred to as ‘activity monitoring.’ It occurs during the primary stages of a project when Process monitoring is complete. Process monitoring only aims to track inputs and resources and examine how functions and outputs get delivered. It is often driven by compliance monitoring and feeds into the Evaluation of impact.

#2 Compliance Monitoring

Compliance monitoring ensures compliance with donor regulations, payment, contract requirements. 

Compliance monitoring purpose is also local governmental regulations and laws, ethical standards, and, most importantly, compliance with the project’s desired results. Thus, the need for compliance monitoring could grow at any stage of the project life cycle.

#3 Context Monitoring

Context monitoring is often called ‘situation monitoring.’ It tracks the overall setting, how the project leads. 

Context monitoring helps us identify and measure danger, assumptions, or any unanticipated situations. The situation arises within the institutional, political, financial, and policy context at any point during the project cycle. 

These assumptions and risks are external factors and are not within the control of the project. However, context monitoring helps us identify these on time to influence the success or failure.

#4 Beneficiary Monitoring

Beneficiary monitoring is sometimes referred to as ‘Beneficiary Contact Monitoring (BCM)’. Furthermore, the necessity of Beneficiary monitoring arises at any stage of the project cycle. 

Its initial purpose is to track the overall understanding of direct and indirect beneficiaries connected to a project. 

It includes beneficiary satisfaction or allegation with the project and its components. Their participation, treatment, access to resources—whether these are lawful and their overall change experience. Beneficiary monitoring also tracks stakeholder allegations and feedback mechanisms.

#5 Financial Monitoring

Financial Monitoring is to measure financial ability within a project. It tracks the actual consumption involved in a project in comparison to the allocated budget.

Financial Monitoring helps the project team to build strategies to maximize outputs with minimal inputs. That is often directed with ‘processes and ‘compliance’ monitoring. So it is crucial for responsibility and reporting purposes.

#6 Organizational Monitoring

Organizational Monitoring tracks institutional development, communication, cooperation, sustainability, and capability building within an organization. It is also partners and stakeholders related to project implementation.

#7 Results Monitoring

In this step, monitoring twist with Evaluation. It gathers data to exhibit a project’s overall effects and influence on the target population. It helps the project team to determine. If the project is on the right track towards its intended results and whether there may be any unintentional impacts.

Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning Tools

Theory of Change:

The Theory of Change is a comprehensive description and illustration. It provides the logical explanation and flows between project inputs and activities, project outputs, outcomes, and impact. 

For evaluations, a Theory of Change is rapidly becoming a standard expectation for developing an evaluation framework. A clear Theory of Change is usually the foundation for creating a result’s framework (like a log frame).

Logical Framework (Log frame):

A Logical Framework (log frame) is one of the most common planning, Monitoring, and evaluation tool. It is used to describe the anticipated chain of cause and effect in development interventions. A log frame is based on a simple grid. It explains what a project needs to do to achieve its impacts through a hierarchy of activities, outputs, outcomes, and effects. 

Originally devised as a planning tool, log frames are used for M&E as they lend themselves to monitoring results and outcomes and assessing the effectiveness and efficiency of a project’s delivery.

Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning Plan

M&E Plan can define as a guideline for what one needs to monitor and evaluate. 

What information need? Moreover, who is assessing? It is the central repository for all M&E plans and a reference tool that guides M&E activities throughout the project and allows identifying the information needed to collect, how to order it, and who will manage it? 

The plan should be able to be picked up by anyone involved in the project at any time. Collection table/matrix is usually included in a broader M&E plan for managing data collection, analysis. It expands the Log frame to identify critical information M&E tasks for the project. 

M&I include indicators, verification/data source, use of comparison group, who will collect, frequency, the storage location of data—planning to invest and earn from cryptocurrency? Can have info about the Top 10 Best Cryptocurrency to invest in 2021 A Beginners Guide here.

Statistics — Open Datasets:

Different international establishments brazenly unleash open knowledge datasets. That allows comes to assemble accent knowledge. Its value is fruitful, internationally benchmarked, and robustly measured. That is constantly collected on an associate annual basis. 

Many of these publications often unleash national-level knowledge on various indicators — ranging from IPP relevant issues of forest house, crop yields, agricultural prices and inputs, deaths from natural disasters, and more, ensuing of this knowledge typical capture at a national level. 

It will not be ready to live specific modifications as a direct result of the associate IPP project. 

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However, they will assist in triangulating knowledge from internal project sources and spotlight national or regional trends compared to individual project results. 

Moreover, learning from these sources sometimes at home with report globally on SDG level indicators

System Data: 

The use of information or knowledge from project systems will probably be familiar sources of primary data collected for observation and analysis. 

System data involve knowledge mechanically turn out by the project, like trailing the number of users of the unique associate system. 

The scale or style of illegal work, events detected by a plan, significantly at the output level. 

Many indicators ought to involve counsel of verification that back from project systems knowledge.


Formal surveys square measure victimization to assemble sporadic knowledge from a rigorously selected sample of people or households. 

 Surveys virtually collect comparable info for a relatively sizable variety of people, especially target groups. In addition, surveys typically at home collect qualitative indicators. 

Interviews and Focus Groups:

Interviews square measure a fruitful thanks to getting detailed info from the respondent; semi-structured interviews supported a variety of pre-defined queries (usually 7-10). 

The querier (trained in qualitative interviews) has been housed to feature specific; individual follow-up queries supported the informant’s responses: interviews square measure best suited to hunt personal, individual answers on topics. 

Conversely, focus teams square measure best suited to move and generate new concepts through an act. 

Sample size: 

To help establish, however extensive, a sample size ought to be; here, square measure varied easy rules of thumb regarding sample sizes: The minimum sample size is a hundred. 

Most statisticians agree that the minimum sample size to induce any quite purposeful results is a hundred. 

If the population is smaller than a hundred, we really ought to survey all of them. The ideal sample size is usually 100% because it does not exceed one thousand. 

For instance, in an exceeding population of ten thousand, 100% would be one thousand. Choose variety between the minimum and most reckoning on things.

The actual variety decides on can rely on the amount of time and resources that have got procurable. 

However, vital it is to urge correct results or solely would like a rough calculation of results. Imagine are progressing to divide the sample into subgroups throughout the analysis. 

Expect the answers, and if the selections created are supported, the results have practical consequences. 

That said, to follow the bulk, individuals ordinarily need the results to be as correct as attainable that the limiting issue is usually time and money.  

Which are the essential tools of Monitoring?


Technical Monitoring is related to such types of materials that work on technology or software. It works on identifying shortcomings and trying to fix them. It has a more extensive functioning with multiple orientations in monitoring tools.

Its special duty to find what is wrong happening with the project with system types of equipment. However, it does not answer whether there is any problem or not.


Available observation means staring at the practicality offered by a particular business application—purposeful observation as a part of business method observation. 

Business method observation involves taking a specific business application. It is reviewing; however, it is performing arts. Therefore, purposeful observation as a part of business method observation is a suitable means. 

It is police work any issues or blockages among a system or method. 

The system is capable of giving desired practicality or not is checking purposeful observation. 

Purposeful observation ensures that the aim of the appliance that consummated with none wrong. 

Business Process:

Today’s businesses contain a severe style of entirely different processes across the assorted areas and functions. 

Day by day, organizations become more significant and extra wide-ranging—such a wide variety of techniques is required to standardize and organize tasks and keep operations on target. 

Business method observation is such a method to spot successes and issues. It works through reviewing and analyzing the performance. 

The observation of gait is the proactive and process-oriented observation of a company’s core business processes. Therefore, observation is associated with a part of the business methodology management (BPM) lifecycle. 

Therefore, gait observation, sometimes dispensed via a package called a business method observation tool. 

However, business method observation is not only a tool. It instead includes a close procedure for error handling and downside resolution. 

What is Evaluation?

In a nutshell, to explain Evaluation, it is the process of appraisement of a running action. It includes the reactions chain, its results, and its impact depending on performance. 

In a complete M&E process, Evaluation is the other part of the same coin. It is a widespread experiment targeting both the systematic and objective of a project. Then, the project can be run or completed. 

For instance, it can consider family planning rate, change in income process, resources allocation, beneficiaries, But it depends entirely on data created in the Monitoring process.

What is learning?

Learning can be generated through research. To produce newer information and expertise is urgent. 

In M&E plus, “L” means Monitoring Evaluation and Learning, “L” plays a solid game-changing role. 

It is the process of bringing change in input for better outcomes—Learning or findings from the quality section needed to be implemented.

Why M&E Learning?

M&E is a different exercise of an organization that aims to count its overall performance. 

Where to, Monitoring is the process of gathering facts of an implemented project. 

Moreover, Evaluation refers to the periodical judgment of an ongoing or completed project that looks deep into it. It is a fruitful way that can show if the targeted project is going accurately. 

Here everyone can be Stakeholder, an employee, or even an organization’s Authority. 

The Evaluation shows where the change was happening and where are to bring change.

Can the grantor as a stakeholder of the project come to light if his donations are working perfectly? Is an organization dependable to him for his purpose to what should be done? 

So, M&E learning is often considered as an important factor playing a vital role and planning to study MBA? Here are the Top 10 Universities in the World for MBA, which can provide a classic universities shortlist.  

What is the Accountability in M&E?

Accountability in M&E indicates taking the liability of activities that they perform for the organization. They report it to an avowed body specially designed for it. 

Thus, personnel and organization stay accountable for their deed to the Authority.

What are the Functions of Monitoring and Evaluation?

Reading the explanation, to know Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning are different processes. However, they are interrelated with each other as a coin side. 

Nevertheless, in the practical action, we can find some facts. So am enlisting these in a nutshell here:

  1. M&E explores the total circumstances of a project. It is regarded as situation analysis that helps to design a plan for the project.
  2. After creating a program for the project, a plan appears before. Moreover, in the operational process of implementation, M&E needed to adjust these plans.
  3. A professional evaluation happens, whereto investigate critically.

Here they cross-check if this project is going to work accurately and be fruitful.

What is the Purpose of Monitoring and Evaluation?

Being, Monitoring, and Evaluation are different elements of the entire M&E process. There enhance learning what and how they are doing. Moreover, for this purpose, they go on targeting some essential objectives. 

Its fundamental aim is to gain overall performance firmly and keep an eye on what is happening there. So here are some fundamental reasons for the primary purpose of this M&E.

* To Get clear and summarized data on what is happening in a particular project. 

* To monitor inputted data, they can decide whether they are wasting capital or need to input more or change something to get a better result. 

* They can count the cost of implementing M&E. Aiming to find an actual situation on risk and success. Moreover, it can overcome making effective decisions.

*It can also get identified, potentials, and weaknesses of the project. Moreover, It can see comprehensive performance data, where they can continue or stop a bullshit project. 

What is the Method of Monitoring and Evaluation?

There are many views for methodological explanation of implementing M&E. In different stages of Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning; methods are in 7 (Seven) primary forms. 

  • Sampling concerning methods
  • Interior M&E methods 
  • Group discussion methods 
  • Information distribution 
  • Methods of pattern change related to time 
  • Link and relation evaluation methods 
  • Methods of positioning and priority. 

These are the critical point to apply in the methodological exercise.

What Is Monitoring Evaluation and Learning (MEL)?

Here are three particular areas to be focused on Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning. 

Finally, with Monitoring, we can get a better knowledge of our project’s condition. Is it going properly as we planned for it? 

Moreover, Evaluation refers to an assessment of a completed or continuous program. It is part and parcel of M&E, but it depends entirely on data generated through Monitoring. 

In addition, M&E plus L that refers to Learning, actually depends on data that emerged from M&E. It influences change-making and methodological reformation. Therefore, to have the productive activity of an organization, the friendly chemistry of all three is essential.

What is the difference between M&E and MEL?

The Authority of an organization often uses diverse systems and tools to address projects outcomes. Moreover, they do assess its fruitfulness with limited resources. They complete this operation through M&E.

Monitoring Evaluation and Learning They do it carefully and aim for a coherent M&E process for Learning outcomes. Whereto, an addition appears it regards as Learning. Then M&E becomes MEL.

Decision-makers get possible information to implement in the project through it. Therefore, these decision-makers are an integral part of that organ. 

It is unavoidable, something donors often seek for learning or MEL approach. They are looking for continuous Learning besides Monitoring, assessment. 

Besides, M&E Learning refers to results produced from M&E to use understanding if the process works together? 

Moreover, can it bring better outputs? So here is the fundamental variety in M&E and MEL. 

Is such a process that can help organizations and donors to learn if their investments work together? 

7(Seven) Principles of M&E System

There are seven principles of the M&E System. In the M&E system, you should follow these principles.

1. Involve Everyone: 

It is the action of team-building in a practical situation. The total successive working body, some parts like policymakers, implementers, M&E figures, and technical personnel; 

The fruition of the M&E system depends much on the proper treatment of all aspects. Moreover, their practical chemistry of everyone’s involvement results in long-term. 

2. Know the project depth:

 It is something like setting sail when the wind blows. Awareness of info about projects depth influences much on M&E success. 

One has to know the actual scenario of one’s projects to do. In projects, there may appear new shortcomings. 

However, responsible ones know where to make changes for better outcomes. It also enhances simplicity in decision-making situations when one knows better about the ins and outs of the total picture. 

3. Throw away the confusing lingo:

 It often appears before authorities as a threat that creates confusion on M&E implementation. 

Moreover, create difficulties in decision-making time. But, in real life, it also surfers, man, pretty much. 

To overcome this dilemma, one can do a total equation to a simple line. And then decision points can get to be more accessible. 

The suggestion will be to be practical enough instead of going into the theoretical interpretation. 

4. Keep it simple: 

Do not fall in ultimately making a simple task difficult. Nevertheless, please do not take it extra simple; that can suffer. 

On the other hand, an unsophisticated and straightforward way can help one find a better path to solve. 

5. Build slowly and into existing structures:

It is a principle that can be implemented in what one organization consists of; Actually, Monitoring is unsounded and in the remaining organizational body. 

Therefore, It can build the environment in a steady process, and perfect is to utilize the remaining tools.

6. Minimal tolerance for insufficient data:

None except for having bad outcomes and properties; But unavoidable circumstances to know. The positive point is that this negative review can pave the way for the betterment and keep higher. For this, we need to oversee the quality of doings. Smatter organizations keep going on, taking feedback constantly, stay on the way to success. 

7. Proven value: 

Apart from others, to know better about the value. Do prepare all organizational datasets clear, trustworthy, short, and straightforward. Moreover, it would help if we went on this for future way of doing. In management process helps people much to engage the organization. 

Why is Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning Important?

Total Monitoring, Evaluation & Learning or MEL is crucial for an organization, stakeholders, and beneficiaries. It helps an org to mitigate if the project going on the right way? Are they working together correctly for the concerned people? What are the challenges to face? At the organizational level, they can get these answers through MEL.

Donators can find a clear message about if the program working well? If not, what is the problem? What kind of change can bring a better result? 

Moreover, for the community related to the project, it helps them know how to change situations? So MEL approach can be a better way to make projects fruitful and trustworthy. 

Native and international organizations are stressing much about the MEL approach. It is becoming part and parcel of their program operation. In this article, we felt it essential to explain detailed descriptions. 

Moreover, based on a study on M&E., but no scholar at all. We always feel better about meeting readers’ feedback and query asking on the comment box. So do not find hesitant to ask.

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